What you need to know about ELD status changes

In the past couple of weeks, we’ve released several stories concerning the technical specifications that makeup and ELD system.

Today, we’re going to break down how to use some of the available status changes on your electronic logging device. 

Duty Status

When it comes to duty status changes, it’s important to remember that your ELD will automatically record time for each duty status that you enter. According to the FMCSA, there are four duty status categories that should be readily available to you. 

These include driving, on-duty not driving, off-duty, and sleeper berth. Driving, obviously, is when your car is moving over 5 mph and the ELD begins to record and transmit data. 

On-duty not driving is when your vehicle has not been in motion for five minutes in which the ELD will prompt the driver to confirm driving status. If there is no response from the driver, however, the device will switch to on-duty not driving. 

Off-duty should be indicated when you’re off-duty for non-driving on-duty periods, when using personal conveyance (more on that later), or when you’re no longer performing any on-duty work. 

Lastly, sleeper berth should be used when you’re done and ready to get some rest at the end of your allotted driving time or, really, whenever you choose to stop driving. Nonetheless, it should not be confused for off-duty. When a driver has their status under sleeper berth, they must remain in the cab, whether they’re sleeping or just resting. 

If you plan to leave your cab for other activities, make sure that you change your status from sleeper berth to off-duty.

Additionally, sleeper berth cannot be split if you’re a property-carrying driver. Therefore, when using sleeper berth you must complete your 10-hour reset. 

Here’s what the FMCSA has to say on the topic:

Drivers using the sleeper berth provision must take at least 8 consecutive hours in the sleeper berth, plus a separate 2 consecutive hours either in the sleeper berth, off duty, or any combination of the two.

So, basically, once on sleeper berth, don’t get on the road until your 10-hour reset is done. 

Personal Conveyance

The FMCSA describes personal conveyance as an event where “a driver can record periods when using a vehicle for authorized personal use.”

Some authorized personal use includes traveling from your home to a terminal, terminal to a motel, or going to a restaurant. Nonetheless, you cannot use personal conveyance if you aren’t fully relieved from all work responsibilities. 

One thing to note is that not all companies use personal conveyance. If you’re unsure if your company does or not, it’s best to ask and confirm with them.

Additionally, an ELD will not activate personal conveyance for you. You will have to perform the status change after going off-duty at the end of your on-duty driving time. 

Yard Move

Yard move is fairly simple, as it’s only authorized to be used when performing, you guessed it, yard moves. Because you’re not actually driving, you’re considered on-duty but are not using up your drive time. 

Yard move should only be used when performing minute actions that require you to start your vehicle, such as moving to a different parking space or actually moving trailers and such around a yard. 

That’s about it, folks. Hopefully, this helped a bit! If it did, let us know in the comments or on social media!

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